Nigerian Independence Day is being observed on October 1st every year, and this year 2021, Nigeria’s 61st Anniversary will be celebrate on Friday, here are other things you need to know about Nigeria Independence Day celebration.
Nigerian dependence Day is celebrated every year on October 1st. It’s a very special and important event in the history of Nigeria. Nigeria will marks her 61st anniversary and the independence from their former colonial master. The country was once a colony of Great Britain until it became an independent and free state on October 1st, 1960.
When is Nigerian Independence Day?
This is the National Day of Nigeria and is always celebrated on October 1st. It marks independence from British rule on this day in 1960.
Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa, with around one in every five Africans being Nigerian.
History of Nigerian Independence Day
European influence in modern-day Nigeria began when in the 16th century when the first explorers from Spain and Portugal began trading with locals, leading to the development of ports, such as Lagos. The British became an increasingly dominant influence on the region in the late 19th century through the Royal Niger Company, resisting German attempts to expand in the region.
In 1900, the territories under the control of the Royal Niger Company became the Southern Nigeria Protectorate. In 1914, this was combined with the Northern Nigeria Protectorate to create the Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria, which forms the borders of modern-day Nigeria.
Many aspects of modern life in Nigeria were established under the period of British Rule, but by the middle of the 20th century, the call for independence sweeping across Africa and the decline of the territories in the British Empire led to Nigeria being granted independence on October 1st 1960 under a constitution with a parliamentary government and a degree of autonomy for the country’s three regions.
Nigeria marked total independence from Britain when it became a federal republic when a new constitution was adopted on 1 October 1963 with Nnamdi Azikiwe as its first president.
Political unrest led to a series of military coups in 1966 and Nigeria was ruled by a military junta with the democratic rule not being restored until October 1st 1979.
Did you know?
The city of Lagos was the capital until 1986, when the government moved to Abuja.
How is Nigerian Independence Day celebrated?
Despite being the national day of Nigeria, the holiday itself is declared annually by the government of Nigeria.
In New York, Nigeria’s Independence Day has been marked by celebrations since in 1991 and are the largest by any African nation in the United States.
The Chairman of the Committee and the Secretary to the Government of the Federation, Boss Mustapha, after he inaugurated the Inter-Ministerial Committee in his office on Wednesday and urged the Committee to articulate specific details of the 61st Anniversary celebration and come up with an appropriate theme for it.
What the SGF said
Mustapha said, “As we prepare to articulate specific details of the 61st Anniversary celebration, it is also important that we come up with an appropriate theme that would speak not only to the present situation in the country but most importantly, the positive trajectory that we are all working towards for the greater benefit of all Nigerians.”
He added that the 60th Independence Anniversary was premised on a one-year celebration that spread over the period to end by September 30th, 2021, and revealed that the committee would be implementing some of the activities designed by the sub-committee which included an award night, church service, Jumma’at prayers and National Broadcast and Independence Day Parade.
The 12-member Inter-Ministerial Committee for the year 2021 Independence Day celebration includes:
- Secretary to the Government of the Federation- Chairman
- Minister of Information and Culture- Member
- Minister of Interior- Member
- Minister of FCT- Member
- Minister of Investments, Trade and Industry- Member
- Minister of Health- Member
- Permanent Secretary, Political and Economic Affairs Office Member/ Secretary
- Permanent Secretary, General Services Office – Member (Liaison with Ecumenical Centre)
- Permanent Secretary, State House- Member (Liaison with Abuja National Mosque and House Security)- Member
- Inspector-General of Police (IGP)- Member
- Director-General, Department of State Service – Member
- Commander, Guards Brigade- Member